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Wednesday, February 9, 2011

What You Should Know About HPV?

HPV is a virus that is transmitted through sexual contact. There are more than 100 types of HPV and more than 30 types  might cause anogenital warts and cancer cases. HPV is estimated as the most common STD. According to studies sexually active men and women will acquire HPV at some point of their lives. 80% of women will at least contract one strain of HPV at age of 50. There are four most common type of HPV that affect sexually active men and women:

TYPE 6 and 11

 These types of HPV cause genital warts. Genital warts are soft, wart-like growths on the genitals.The rule is wart causing HPV is low risk for cancer and non causing wart HPV is high risk for cancer.  There is no cure for all types of HPV but can be treated. There are treatments available. The most common and advisable treatment for genital warts are through cauterization and use of Aldara cream. Cauterization is the burning of the warts. Aldara  (imiquimod) is an immune response modifier.  There is a possibility of recurrence. If you are open to alternative treatment try acv, tea tree oil and castor oil, some people says it help for the peeling off of genital warts. According to reports some HPV infected people might experience recurrence of twice or thrice of their lives. Some people never use any treatments and reported clears itself.


Type 16 and 18

These types of HPV are being linked to some cancer cases. Once infected with these types of HPV, PAPsmear is a must!  Here is the list of cancer that is being associated with HPV:

1. Cervical cancer, highest number of cases
2. Anal Cancer
3. Vaginal/Vulbar Cancer
4. Penis Cancer
5. Mouth Cancer
6. Throat Cancer

Diagnosis


 Through blood test(available for girls only) and visual check HPV can be diagnose.

Transmission

HPV can be transmitted through sexual contact or skin to skin contact. When a person is already treated there is no guarantee that he cannot pass it on his partner. All types of HPV can be transmitted through skin to skin contact. Since it is transmitted by skin to skin contact, condoms cannot give a complete protection against HPV. Infected mother can pass it on her baby during delivery. The transmission will lead to respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) JORRP is very rare, with rates of about 2 cases per 100,000 children in the United States.


How about the Cure?

Cure is not available but it can be prevented through vaccine. There are two available vaccine. These vaccines are being recommended to boys and girls age 9-26. It is also being recommend to those already contracted by HPV for protection against other types.

1. Cervarix Vaccine - protects against HPV type 16 and 18 

2. Gardasil Vaccine - protects against HPV type 6, 11, 16 and 18.



Some reports say that HPV will be cleared by our own body. It is important to stay healthy. Immune system has a big role in clearing HPV. Some believe that it is not totally eliminated but only reduced into undetectable level. 

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